Question: Is Thalassemia Related To Iron Deficiency?

How does thalassemia differ from iron deficiency anemia?

The first difference is in the red blood cell count (labeled RBC).

In iron deficiency, this value is low because the bone marrow is unable to manufacture red blood cells.

In thalassemia trait, RBC is normal to elevated.2 A normal ferritin level can rule out iron deficiency..

Why is iron high in thalassemia?

Background: In beta thalassaemia major multiple blood transfusions, ineffective erythropoiesis and increased gastrointestinal iron absorption lead to iron overload in the body. Iron overload impairs the immune system, placing patients at greater risk of infection and illness.

Can I take iron if I have thalassemia minor?

Thalassemia trait will not impair your work, diet or exercise. Trait carriers should not take iron supplements unless a special blood test (serum iron or serum ferritin) shows that you are iron deficient. Carriers can give blood providing they are not anemic (do not have a lower hemoglobin than usual).

How do you test for thalassemia?

Doctors diagnose thalassemias using blood tests, including a complete blood count (CBC) and special hemoglobin tests.A CBC measures the amount of hemoglobin and the different kinds of blood cells, such as red blood cells, in a sample of blood. … Hemoglobin tests measure the types of hemoglobin in a blood sample.

Does taking iron help thalassemia?

Alpha thalassemia can sometimes be mistaken for low-iron anemia, and iron supplements may be recommended as a treatment. But iron supplements have no effect on thalassemia. If you have many blood transfusions, too much iron may build up in your blood.

Why can’t thalassemia take iron?

People with thalassaemia may be advised to avoid iron supplements because they are at risk of iron overload. Carriers of the thalassaemia gene may be asymptomatic but pregnancy can precipitate anaemia and there is a chance that this may be inappropriately treated with iron replacement.

What are the symptoms of thalassemia minor?

Thalassemia signs and symptoms can include:Fatigue.Weakness.Pale or yellowish skin.Facial bone deformities.Slow growth.Abdominal swelling.Dark urine.

What is the best treatment for thalassemia?

Standard TreatmentsBlood Transfusions. Transfusions of red blood cells are the main treatment for people who have moderate or severe thalassemias. … Iron Chelation Therapy. The hemoglobin in red blood cells is an iron-rich protein. … Folic Acid Supplements. … Blood and Marrow Stem Cell Transplant. … Possible Future Treatments.

How long do thalassemia patients live?

A person with the thalassemia trait has a normal life expectancy. However, heart complications arising from beta thalassemia major can make this condition fatal before the age of 30 years.