What is the alternative to pipelines?
Since pipeline development has lagged behind the shale and tar sands oil production booms, industry has increasingly turned to trains, trucks and barges to transport oil to refineries and markets..
What can replace crude oil?
Alternative energy sources are substitutes for crude oil. These Crude Oil Substitutes include: solar energy, oil sands, wind power, coal mine methane, geothermal energy, nuclear energy, LNG, hydrogen fuel cells, and natural gas.. Energy efficiency improvements should also count as alternative energy sources.
What is the most important alternative fuel to oil?
Hydrogen. Hydrogen is a potentially emissions- free alternative fuel that can be produced from domestic resources for use in fuel cell vehicles. … Natural Gas. Natural gas is a domestically abundant gaseous fuel that can have significant fuel cost advantages over gasoline and diesel fuel. … Propane.
Can plastics be made without oil?
Originally Answered: Can plastics be created without oil? Yes, but only with difficulty. The early plastics industry was based on coal conversion chemistry. The main class of reactions used are known as Reppe reactions, after the main inventor (a German).