What Are The 10 Complications Of Malaria?

What are some complications of malaria?

Other complications that can arise as a result of severe malaria include:liver failure and jaundice – yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes.shock – a sudden drop in blood pressure.pulmonary oedema – a build-up of fluid in the lungs.acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)More items….

What is the commonest complication of malaria in pregnancy?

Complications of malaria in pregnancy include maternal anaemia, low birth weight, prematurity and increased perinatal mortality.

What drug do you take to prevent malaria?

Atovaquone/proguanil (Malarone), doxycycline, and mefloquine are the drugs of choice for malaria prevention in most malaria-endemic regions. Chloroquine (Aralen) may be used safely in all trimesters of pregnancy, and mefloquine may be used safely in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy.

What are the signs and symptoms of severe malaria?

The manifestations of severe malaria include the following:Cerebral malaria, with abnormal behavior, impairment of consciousness, seizures, coma, or other neurologic abnormalities.Severe anemia due to hemolysis (destruction of the red blood cells)Hemoglobinuria (hemoglobin in the urine) due to hemolysis.More items…

What is the deadliest form of malaria?

Plasmodium falciparum is a unicellular protozoan parasite of humans, and the deadliest species of Plasmodium that causes malaria in humans. The parasite is transmitted through the bite of a female Anopheles mosquito and causes the disease’s most dangerous form, falciparum malaria.

What percentage of malaria patients die?

Nearly half the world’s population lives in areas at risk of malaria transmission in 91 countries and territories. In 2016, malaria caused an estimated 216 million clinical episodes, and 445,000 deaths. An estimated 90% of deaths in 2016 were in the WHO African Region.

How is malaria passed on?

How is malaria transmitted? Usually, people get malaria by being bitten by an infective female Anopheles mosquito. Only Anopheles mosquitoes can transmit malaria and they must have been infected through a previous blood meal taken from an infected person.

Which part of body is damaged by malaria?

Malaria can cause your kidneys or liver to fail, or your spleen to rupture. Any of these conditions can be life-threatening. Anemia. Malaria damages red blood cells, which can result in anemia.

Does malaria weaken immune system?

Plasmodium, the parasite responsible for malaria, impairs the ability of key cells of the immune system to trigger an efficient immune response. This might explain why patients with malaria are susceptible to a wide range of other infections and fail to respond to several vaccines.

What are the two main lines of attack on malaria?

The two main agents of human malaria, Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum, can induce severe anemia and provoke strong, complex immune reactions.

What is the best treatment for malaria?

The most common antimalarial drugs include:Artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs). ACTs are, in many cases, the first line treatment for malaria. There are several different types of ACTs. … Chloroquine phosphate. Chloroquine is the preferred treatment for any parasite that is sensitive to the drug.

Which antibiotic is best for malaria?

An advantage of using antibiotics already approved, like doxycycline, tigecycline, clindamycin, azithromycin or co-trimoxazole, as anti-malarial drugs is the reduced cost of clinical development. Additionally, most of the antibiotics already approved are inexpensive and almost universally available.

What food should a malaria patient eat?

Eating soups, stews or drinking fruit juices or dal water, coconut water, etc. are important. Vitamin C and A rich foods such as papaya, beetroots, and other citrus foods etc. with vitamin B complex are important for a malaria patient.

What are the 5 types of malaria?

Five species of Plasmodium (single-celled parasites) can infect humans and cause illness:Plasmodium falciparum (or P. falciparum)Plasmodium malariae (or P. malariae)Plasmodium vivax (or P. vivax)Plasmodium ovale (or P. ovale)Plasmodium knowlesi (or P. knowlesi)

What is the ring stage of malaria?

The ring stage trophozoites mature into schizonts, which rupture releasing merozoites . Some parasites differentiate into sexual erythrocytic stages (gametocytes) . Blood stage parasites are responsible for the clinical manifestations of the disease.